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How to Use a Control Surface to Interact with Your Production

Using a control surface is the perfect way to interact with your software programs that you’re using to create and produce music. Having physical sliders, knobs, and buttons to push, or lights flashing in front of you, can help give you a better experience and a feeling of interaction during the process of making your own music.

When you’re directing everything in your computer with a mouse, it can sometimes feel as if you’re not really connected to your music and your production. Some producers I know say they feel a lack of connection or ‘hands-on’ control when they’re stuck to a mouse, something I’ve definitely felt at times as well.

There’s also the issue that you can only control one parameter at a time when using a mouse, whereas with two hands you can have more control over more parameters.


Using a Control Surface


A control surface lets you control various parameters inside your software programs using your hands. Elements on the hardware device can be mapped to whatever software controls you want. Some of the things these devices allow you to interact with are:

  • software instruments
  • processor and effects plugins
  • mixing consoles
  • sequencers
  • automation

I’ve often found that I enjoy the creative process more when I have a some kind of control surface in front of me. It feels like I’m actually using real volume sliders like on a hardware mixing desk. Or that I’m adjusting a real compressor or reverb unit by using buttons and knobs, instead of having to adjust everything with my mouse and keyboard.

I think it helps to develop a more ‘natural’ feel towards the process of producing your own music, and can help with your workflow and your creative juices.

But they aren’t for everyone. I’ve heard some studio folk say they find them clunky and that they’re only really found in studios because they have the ‘cool’ factor of looking like real mixing desks or effects units – especially when everything you’d use it for can easily be controlled via the software on your computer.

The choice of using these devices in the studio really comes down to your own personal preference, and how you like to approach your creative work. After all, my favorite way of working may not be your favorite way of working.


Types of Control Surface


You’ll find a few different formats available to you in the studio, and each format can help you with various aspects of your creative process.

  • USB MIDI Controller: these are generally the smallest types, as they only tend to feature sliders, knobs, and buttons. They’re mainly used to edit, control, and automate software plugins such as signal processors and effects units.

Behringer USB MIDI control surface

  • USB MIDI Controller with Keyboard: these devices will have a keyboard alongside some simple interface functions. You won’t get too many features on these devices, but they can be used for basic tasks – they usually feature some sliders for volume control and some rotary knobs for assigning values to effects parameters.

MIDI keyboard controller


  • Sound Card/Audio Interface format: these combine mixing desk functions alongside sound card functions, such as microphone and line-level inputs as well as MIDI connections as well. The popular Digi 002 from Digidesign is an example of this kind of device.
  • Mixing Board format – these can come in a couple of varieties:
  1. Whether or not it has an audio interface.
  2. Whether or not the mixer is digital. Digital mixers will often include an audio interface as well.


Mixing board format in a studio's control room


The mixing board design usually provides transport functions, such as play, stop, and shuttle, as well as mute/solo and recording functions for each channel.

Some digital mixers also come with their own in-built signal processors and effects plugins that can help lighten the workload of your main computer’s processor.


Final Thoughts


You may find that a small USB MIDI controller will help you when changing the settings on your software compressor or reverb plugin – this is something I found to be very useful. Or maybe you’d like to have full mixing capabilities along with transport and recording functions – I don’t personally use this kind of hardware, as I find mixing inside a DAW suits my needs perfectly.

Using a control surface in your home studio really does come down to your own personal choice. I would take some time to think about whether you would find one useful in your own studio setup, and go from there.



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